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This commentary first presents a genealogy of pandemics and world orders. Second, it highlights multiple origins of pandemics especially COVID-19 and the Spanish flu. Third, it shows the shortcomings of international organizations such as WHO and sovereignty against a global pandemic. Fourth, it compares the cases of Taiwan and Japan in their responses to COVID-19 and China. Fifth, it discusses the limits of existing knowledge and the exploration of transdisciplinary knowledge to take on the unknown. Finally, after reiterating this commentary, it concludes by drawing attention to the social responsibility of scientists and decision-makers across national borders.
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