What Does It Mean to Replace Ecology with Mesology and Resources with Nourishment?

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After having explored what is at stake in Berque’s efforts to overcome the pitfalls of a Western paradigm characterized by dualism between nature and culture and the conception of a substantial and abstract subject, I will show to what extent his notions of mesology and mediance help us think through the ecological crisis which cannot be reduced to issues such as global warming and the depletion of resources, but which concerns our perception of ourselves, our relationships with others and the meaning of our temporary stay on earth.

The replacement of ecology by mesology leads to my own approach which is to make interaction with nature and other beings a chapter of a philosophy of existence that takes into account the materiality of our life, that is to say the fact that we live in and depend upon natural and cultural things such as water, food, river, trees, but also landscapes and towns. This phenomenology of nourishment highlights the corporality of the subject and insists upon the dimension of pleasure and enjoyment. The phenomenological description of eating, dwelling, walking, living in a place and being co-resident with other human and non-human existences, breathes new life into the concept of human existence. I shall further outline the political consequences of this phenomenology.


ベルクの研究は、 自然と文化および実体と抽象の概念という西洋の2分法をいかに乗り越えるかという課題に取り組むことであった。 ベルクの提唱するメゾロジー(風土論)とメディアンス(風土性)は、現代のエコロジー に新たな光を照射した。地球温暖化や資源枯渇問題に限定するのではなく、我々の知覚、他者との関係、地球に住まうことの意味をも含めて包括的に論じるのである。


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